Dairy Focus: Using night-time feeding to great effect in Co. Meath

在Lobinstown of Lobinstown of Co. Meatch的农业,您将找到Evans Family - Gordon和他的四个儿子Conor,Harry,Sam和Ryan。该家族在108HA上运行弹簧乳制品系统,在未来几周内持续200母牛。betway客户端

Agriland.与哈利谈过,目前是DKIT可持续农业课程的第三年。哈利和他的兄弟是农场的第四代。

Harry is also involved with the DKIT ag society that recently raised €6,360 for Pieta House, North Louth Hospice and Home Care.

他说:“我们经营着一款带有少量牛肉的弹簧乳制品系统,我的父亲负责农场的日常运betway客户端行,母亲负责最重要的部分,财务。

”Working alongside my dad, we have a full-time staff member that started earlier this year.

Myself and my brothers are all involved with the farm, mainly on a part-time basis as we are either working full-time or in college/school.

”When my great-grandfather came here first it was your typical mixed farm, with a small bit of everything. He was a butcher by trade so he also operated an abattoir and butcher shop from the farm.

“当他从父母继承农场时,我的祖父选择专注于乳制品。betway客户端

”The farm is spilt into three blocks, with two blocks totalling 80ha used for the grazing platform and silage. The home block is split by the main Adree to Kells road, which means grazing across the road can be difficult so we mainly use across the road for silage.

“第三个街区距离大约两英里,块用于饲养我们的小母牛并掠夺牛肉库存。

”Last year we kept 45 beef calves to graze on the block with the heifers and we plan on selling them in the coming weeks as yearlings.

”That block is too big for the heifers and we don’t need the silage so we will most likely do that again this year.”

Building cow numbers

Speaking about how the farm has expanded in terms of cow numbers, Harry explained: “Over the last number of years the herd size has increased and we have begun to focus more on the grass. We used to be a pedigree Holstein herd, but we have started crossbreeding to improve fertility and milk solids (ms).

”For the last number of years, we’ve been milking 160 cows, but this spring we have 200 due to calf.

”Going forward we are planning on still crossbreeding some of the cows, but we will mostly likely use more high economic breeding index (EBI) Friesian. We are planning on becoming more selective about the bulls we use on cows.

“目的是,我们正在养殖来自我们最好的奶牛的替代品,这将进一步提高畜群的表现和生育。

”We started using Aubrac bulls last year on some of the late calving cows to add more value to the calves, with these calves due near the end of the calving season.

With increasing cow numbers we have gotten tight for housing so we are currently building a new 80-cubicle shed, which will be finished later this year.

“我们目前正在用自动聚集的乘船(ACR)和一个绘图门,在16单位的秋千上挤奶,我们没有计划在不久的将来改变它。”

Herd performance

Talking about the herd’s performance, Harry noted: ”Last year the herd produced 440kg of ms from 550kg of meal, with the aim being to surpass that this year.

“我们的牧群的平均EBI是120欧元,我们有点失望。我们的小牛和牛仔裤接近200欧元。我们有一些较老的奶牛,这是我们平均下来的,所以当这些奶牛离开牛群时,我们应该看到这些数字增加。

“去年,我们在放牧平台上占了10T的干物质。我们现在非常专注于草地,其目的是一年同比提高草地增长。

“我们计划通过更好的草地管理实现这一目标,重新携带围场,并遵循营养管理计划。”

生命季节

The calving season on the farm is well underway. There are 45 cows calved already with 80% due to calf in six weeks with all the cows due to calf within 12 weeks.

谈论产犊赛季,哈利补充说:“我们在草地上使用了Calved奶牛,使用了开关放牧,地面持续到目前为止。我们在秋季进行了预先计划,以确保我们在今年春天提前放牧我们的干燥围场。

”To try and reduce the workload a bit during the calving season, we started feeding silage at night time, which we have found reduces the number of night-time calvings. There was 11 calves born yesterday and three already this morning.

当小腿出生时,他们立即获得3-4磅的初乳,然后我们打标牌,所以我们知道他们已经喂养了。

”Calves are put into individual pens for the first few days, then once they are able to drink on their own we then move them to a group pen of 10 calves.

“我们将小腿保持在这些组中,直到他们出门,我们发现它很好,降低了犊牛的混合和传播疾病的可能性。

”In the last few years we have switched from feeding whole milk to calves to milk replacer, we are currently feeding a replacer with 24% protein and 20% fat.

“由于与喂养牛犊全牛奶相关的可能疾病风险,我们转向牛奶替代品,以及小牛生长性能应该更好。

”Since we switched that has definitely been the case, our calves are performing much better on milk replacer.”

The future

哈利展望未来,哈利说:“我们的目标是在220到250奶牛之间,这一切都取决于我们在平台上生长和管理草的效率。

“我想认为我们将来会有三个人在未来农业,这一切都取决于农场如何发展和谁想留在涉及的人。

”The next big thing that may be changed on the farm is possibly the milking parlour. I think if we were changing the parlour we would look at robots or possibly even a rotary. That is a few years down the line if we feel it is necessary.”